Tuesday, April 17, 2012
ARCHIVE / PULITZER PRIZE WINNERS & WHO PICKS THEM
2012 EDITION—Yesterday, the annual Pulitzer Prize awards were unveiled saluting excellence in writing, photography and political cartooning. For much of the past century, the Pulitzers are the Academy Awards of journalism coverage. Most newspapers today will cover the award winners, sadly few will highlight, who the award was named for and who are the names responsible for determining the winners.
WHAT IS THE PULITZER PRIZE?
U.S. award for achievements in newspaper and online journalism, literature and musical composition. It was established by American (Hungarian-born) publisher Joseph Pulitzer in the year 1917 and is administered by Columbia University in New York City. Prizes are awarded yearly in 21 categories. In 20 of these, each winner receives a certificate and a $10,000 cash award.
Public Service - The Philadelphia Inquirer
For: Violence in city schools
Breaking News Reporting - The Tuscaloosa (Ala.) News Staff
For: Tornado coverage
Investigative Reporting - Matt Apuzzo, Adam Goldman, Eileen Sullivan and Chris Hawley, Associated Press and Michael J. Berens and Ken Armstrong, Seattle Times
For: New York Police Dept. spying program
Explanatory Reporting - David Kocieniewski, New York Times
For: Tax loop holes among wealthy
Local Reporting - Sara Ganim and Patriot-News Staff, Harrisburg, PA
For: Penn State sex scandal
National Reporting - David Wood, Huffington Post
For: Challenges of severely wounded military
International Reporting - Jeffrey Gettleman, New York Times
For: Famine and conflict in East Africa
Feature Writing - Eli Sanders, The Stranger, a Seattle (Wash.) weekly
For: Victim’s survival story from attack
Commentary - Mary Schmich, Chicago Tribune
For: Coverage of cultural aspects of Chicago
Criticism -Wesley Morris, Boston Globe
For: Film criticism
Editorial Writing - No award
Editorial Cartooning - Matt Wuerker, POLITICO
For: political cartooning, especially Washington DC topics
Breaking News Photography - Massoud Hossaini, Agence France-Presse
For: post suicide attack imagery from Afghanistan
Feature Photography - Craig F. Walker, Denver Post
For: Chronicle of discharged vets
LETTERS, DRAMA and MUSIC
Fiction - No award
Drama - "Water by the Spoonful" by Quiara Alegría Hudes
History - "Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention," by the late Manning Marable (Viking)
Biography - "George F. Kennan: An American Life," by John Lewis Gaddis (The Penguin Press)
Poetry - "Life on Mars" by Tracy K. Smith (Graywolf Press)
General Nonfiction - "The Swerve: How the World Became Modern," by Stephen Greenblatt (W.W. Norton and Company)
Music - "Silent Night: Opera in Two Acts" by Kevin Puts (Aperto Press)
WHO’S ON THE PULITZER PRIZE COMMITTEE
LEE C. BOLLINGER, President, Columbia University
DANIELLE ALLEN, UPS Foundation Professor, School of Social Science Institute for Advanced Study
JIM AMOSS, Editor, The Times Picayune, New Orleans, La.
RANDELL BECK, President and Publisher, Argus Leader Media, Sioux Falls, S.D.
ROBERT BLAU, Managing Editor for Projects and Investigations, Bloomberg News
KATHLEEN CARROLL, Executive Editor and Senior Vice President, Associated Press
JOYCE DEHLI, Vice President for News, Lee Enterprises
JUNOT DÍAZ, Rudge and Nancy Allen Professor of Writing, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
THOMAS L. FRIEDMAN, Columnist, The New York Times
PAUL A. GIGOT Editorial Page Editor & VP, The Wall Street Journal
STEVEN HAHN, Roy F. and Jeannette P. Nichols Professor of History, University of Pennsylvania
NICHOLAS LEMANN, Dean, Graduate School of Journalism Columbia University
ANN MARIE LIPINSKI, Curator, The Nieman Foundation, Harvard University
GREGORY L. MOORE, Editor, The Denver Post
EUGENE ROBINSON Columnist and Associate Editor, The Washington Post
MARGARET SULLIVAN, Editor, The Buffalo News
PAUL TASH, Chairman and CEO, Tampa Bay Times
JIM VANDEHEI, Executive Editor, Politico
KEVEN ANN WILLEY VP/Editorial Page Editor, The Dallas Morning News
SIG GISSLER, Administrator, Columbia University, Graduate School of Journalism
WHO WAS JOSEPH PULITZER?
Joseph Pulitzer (April 10, 1847 – October 29, 1911) was publisher of the St. Louis Post Dispatch and New York World newspapers. A native of Hungary, he enlisted in the Union Army (First regiment, New York calvary) and fought during the Civil War. He later was elected to the House of Representatives from New York state and during the 1880s & 1890s was a leading national figure in the Democratic Party. He crusaded against big business and corruption. Because of the cut throat competition between his World and William Randolph Hearst's New York Journal, the term yellow journalism was coined and opened the way to mass circulation newspapers that depended on advertising revenue and appealed to the reader with multiple forms of news, entertainment and advertising.
Pulitzer, haunted by his "yellow sins, returned the World to its crusading roots as the new century dawned. By the time of his death in 1911, the World was a widely respected publication, and would remain a leading progressive paper until its demise in 1931. The Pulitzer Prizes were created from monies received from his will.
NAME ONLY US PRESIDENT TO WIN A PULITZER PRIZE?
John F. Kennedy in Biography for “Profiles in Courage.”
WHO DESIGNED THE PULITZER PRIZE MEDAL?
Sculptor Daniel Chester French.
Who was the only U.S. president to be awarded a Pulitzer Prize?
John F. Kennedy was awarded the 1957 Pulitzer Prize in Biography for his book "Profiles in Courage".
HOW TO ENTER
Sources: http://www.pulitzer.org/ and Wikipedia.