|Battle of Glorieta Pass in 1862 fought in the New Mexico Territory outside of Santa Fe in |
and around the Pigeon Ranch
UNSUNG BATTLE--Very few outside of historical academia, who focus on the American Civil War and battlefield buffs can recall the significance of the Battle of Glorieta Pass.
The outcome of the three days battle in the New Mexico Territory (March 26-28, 1862) was pivotal in keeping the entire West under federal control.
In keeping the South from invading the West, the Battle of Glorieta Pass (near Santa Fe, New Mexico) has been called the Gettysburg of the West.
Ironically, the South won the Battle of Glorieta Pass but lost the war. Technically, Confederates forced the Union troops to retreat off the field of battle. But, because Union field officers (pre-battle) had decided to split their attack in two, one of the federal columns came across the 60 wagons containing rebel supplies.
Union troops easily overwhelmed the few guards that guarded the rebel supply wagon train, and as a result, the South had to retreat from Santa Fe to San Antonio, Texas.
The South never attempted another invasion to capture the West. Just as one year later (1863) the South never attempted to invade the North after losing the Battle of Gettysburg.
The reason for the invasion was to capture the gold mines in Colorado and California to help fund the war effort.
If the opportunistic Union leadership had not destroyed the supply train, the rugged Confederates just might have had enough momentum to drive Union soldiers out of New Mexico and Colorado. Then they would use Colorado as a base to invade California and capture the gold mines and seaports along the Pacific.
Wikipedia has a detailed profile on the Battle of Gorieta Pass:
Other battle descriptions can be found at: