Baseball at Fort Pulaski, 1863
As Company H of the 48th New York Regiment posed for a photograph at Fort Pulaski in 1863, some of their comrades played baseball behind them. This is among the earliest photographs of baseball ever taken.
During the first year of the Civil War, Frank Bancroft enlisted as a musician in a New Hampshire Regiment. During his time in the army Bancroft, who served under a false name due to his young age, was wounded in action. After the war, he made a name for himself as one of the most successful managers in baseball. In 1884 he managed the Providence Grays to victory over the New York Metropolitans in a three-game series that was the first championship series known as the "World Series."
Who was Octavius V. Catto
Born in 1839, Octavius V. Catto was an educator, civil rights activist, and baseball pioneer. During the Civil War, he helped recruit African Americans for the Union army. After the war, he helped lead a successful effort to desegregate public transportation in Pennsylvania, making use of civil disobedience tactics more than half-a-century before the birth of Martin Luther King Jr. In 1866 Catto helped found the Pythian Base Ball Club in Philadelphia when African Americans were denied membership in all-white organizations such as the Excelsior Base Bale Club. Tragically, on October 10, 1871, Catto fell victim to a white supremacist assassin.