MONDAY MEDIA / UNITED NATIONS STATE OF THE WORLD REPORT
Editor’s Note: Pillar to Post has assembled the following two-part analysis of the recent United Nations State of the World summit held on Saturday and Sunday. Part one is Chinese media coverage of the release of the United Nations General Assembly Report. Part two is an excerpt from the UN report itself, which was issued on its 70th anniversary of its founding proposing/demanding 17 sustainable development goals and 169 target goals to be met by 2030.
1. Sustainable development agenda adopted by 193 UN member states.
By Xinhua.net--A momentous sustainable development agenda, which charts a new era of sustainable development until 2030, was adopted on Friday by 193 UN member states at the UN Sustainable Development Summit at UN headquarters in New York.
"We have reached a defining moment in human history. The people of the world have asked us to shine a light on a future of promise and opportunity," said UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon at the opening ceremony of the summit.
"The true test of commitment to Agenda 2030 will be implementation. We need action form everyone, everywhere. Seventeen Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are our guide. They are a to-do list for people and planet and a blueprint for success," said Ban.
This ambitious agenda, comprising of 17 goals, will serve as the launch pad for action by the international community and by national governments to promote shared prosperity and well-being for all over the next 15 years.
Speaking to the media after the adoption of the agenda, Ban highlighted the inclusive process of setting the 17 goals, which cover a wide range of issues, including poverty, hunger, health services, education, gender equality and environmental protection, among others.
"The goals emerged from the most inclusive process in United Nations history. 193 countries. Thousands of non-governmental organizations and the private sector," he said, adding that "If we combine all the numbers it will be around 8.5 million people or organizations who have been surveyed on what kind of a world and what kind of a future they wanted to have."
"Today, United Nations Member States have committed to a visionary agenda for a life of dignity and prosperity for all on a healthy planet," he said. "Let us work together over the next 15 years to make their vision a reality for all people in all countries."
The summit, which ran from Sept. 25-27, sees the gathering of over 150 world leaders in the year of 2015 which coincides with the 70th anniversary of the founding of the United Nations.
2. Our World Today
By the United Nations General Assembly--We (the UN) are meeting at a time of immense challenges to sustainable development. Billions of our citizens continue to live in poverty and are denied a life of dignity. There are rising inequalities within and among countries.
There are enormous disparities of opportunity, wealth and power. Gender inequality remains a key challenge. Unemployment, particularly youth unemployment, is a major concern.
For entire the UN General Assembly report: http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/69/L.85&Lang=E
Global health threats, more frequent and intense natural disasters, spiraling conflict, violent extremism, terrorism and related humanitarian crises and forced displacement of people threaten to reverse much of the development progress made in recent decades.
Natural resource depletion and adverse impacts of environmental
degradation, including desertification, drought, land degradation, freshwater scarcity and loss of biodiversity, add to and exacerbate the list of challenges which humanity faces.
Climate change is one of the greatest challenges of our time and its
adverse impacts undermine the ability of all countries to achieve sustainable development. Increases in global temperature, sea level rise, ocean acidification and other climate change impacts are seriously affecting coastal areas and low-lying coastal countries, including many least developed countries and small island developing States.
The survival of many societies, and of the biological support
systems of the planet, is at risk.
It is also, however, a time of immense opportunity. Significant progress has
been made in meeting many development challenges. Within the past generation, hundreds of millions of people have emerged from extreme poverty.
Access to education has greatly increased for both boys and girls. The spread of information and communications technology and global interconnectedness has great potential to accelerate human progress, to bridge the digital divide and to develop knowledge societies, as does scientific and technological innovation across areas as diverse as medicine and energy.
Almost 15 years ago, the Millennium Development Goals were agreed. These provided an important framework for development and significant progress has been made in a number of areas. But the progress has been uneven, particularly in Africa, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States, and some of the Millennium Development Goals remain off track, in particular those related to maternal, newborn and child health and to reproductive health.
We recommit ourselves to the full realization of all the Millennium Development Goals, including the off-track Millennium Development Goals, in particular by providing focused and scaled-up assistance to least developed countries and other countries in special situations, in line with relevant support programmes. The new Agenda builds on the Millennium Development Goals and seeks to complete what these did not achieve, particularly in reaching the most vulnerable.
In its scope, however, the framework we are announcing today goes far
beyond the Millennium Development Goals. Alongside continuing development priorities such as poverty eradication, health, education and food security and nutrition, it sets out a wide range of economic, social and environmental objectives.
It also promises more peaceful and inclusive societies. It also, crucially, defines means of implementation. Reflecting the integrated approach that we have decided on, there are deep interconnections and many cross-cutting elements across the new
Goals and targets: The new Agenda
We are announcing today 17 Sustainable Development Goals with 169 associated targets which are integrated and indivisible. Never before have world leaders pledged common action and endeavour across such a broad and universal policy agenda. We are setting out together on the path towards sustainable development, devoting ourselves collectively to the pursuit of global development and of “win win” cooperation which can bring huge gains to all countries and all parts of the world.
We reaffirm that every State has, and shall freely exercise, full permanent
sovereignty over all its wealth, natural resources and economic activity. We will implement the Agenda for the full benefit of all, for today’s generation and for future generations. In doing so, we reaffirm our commitment to international law and emphasize that the Agenda is to be implemented in a manner that is consistent with the rights and obligations of States under international law.
Seventeen Sustainable Development Goals
End poverty in all its forms everywhere
End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and
promote sustainable agriculture
Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote
lifelong learning opportunities for all
Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and
sanitation for all
Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern
energy for all
Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth,
full and productive employment and decent work for all
Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable
industrialization and foster innovation
Reduce inequality within and among countries
Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and
Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts*
Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine
resources for sustainable development
Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial
ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt
and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable
development, provide access to justice for all and build effective,
accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the
Global Partnership for Sustainable Development