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Monday, October 10, 2016
RETRO FILES / NUREMBERG EXECUTIONS
NAZI'S ON TRIAL AT NUREMBERG, GERMANY, 1946.
years ago last October sentences handed down by the Nuremberg tribunals in 1946 were
carried out in the gymnasium of the Nuremberg prison.
prominent members of the political and military leadership of Nazi Germany were
executed by hanging: Hans Frank, Wilhelm Frick, Alfred Jodl, Ernst
Kaltenbrunner, Wilhelm Keitel, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Alfred Rosenberg, Fritz
Sauckel, Arthur Seyss-Inquart, and Julius Streicher. Hermann Göring was also
scheduled to be hanged on that day, but committed suicide using a potassium
cyanide capsule the night before. Martin Bormann was also sentenced to death in
absentia, but he was killed or committed suicide while attempting to escape
Berlin in 1945.
sentences were carried out by the United States Army’s Master Sergeant John C.
Woods and his assistant, military policeman Joseph Malta. Ten men were hanged in 102 minutes.
Smith of the International News Service wrote an eyewitness account of a
reporter watching the hangings. His historical press account of it appeared
with photos in newspapers of the day.
German leadership on trial at Nuremberg, Germany in 1946.First row: Herman Goering,Rudolf Hell, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Wilhelm
Keitel, Ernst Kaltenbruner, Alfred Rosenberg, Hans Frank, Wilhelm, Frick,
Julius Streicher, Walter Funk, Hjalmar Schacht.Second row: Karl Doenitz, Erich Raeder, Baldur von Schirach, Fritz
Sauckel, Alfred Jodl, Franz von Papen, Artur Seyss-Inquart, Albert Speer,
Konstantin von Neeurath, Hans Fritzsche.
the 21 in the photo 11 perished on that day.Goering by suicide and ten by hanging.
Non lethal sentences:
--Rudolf Hess (life)
--Karl Doenitz (10 years)
--Hans Fritzche (acquitted)
--Franz von Papen (acquitted) --Baldur von Schirach (20 years served).
--Hjalmar Schacht (aquitted)
--Walter Funk (Life sentence—died 1960]
--Konstantin von Neeurath (15 years)
--Martin Bormann (tried in absentia to
death by hanging).
--Erich Raeder (Life imprisonment) died
--Albert Speer (20 years served—released
in 1966; died in 1981).